The book aims to give readers a clear sense of the coherence or otherwise of these different approaches, the practical steps taken in analysis, and their situation within broader critical debates. Through the use of detailed and original 'identity' case studies in a variety of spoken and written texts in order, the book offers a practical and accessible insight into what the discursive accomplishment of identity actually looks like, and how to go about analyzing it. You must log in or register to request an inspection copy.
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Add to Basket. Add to Wishlist. An excellent overview and synthesis of a variety of approaches to exploring identity in discourse 'Identity' is a central organizing feature of our social world. Key Features Accessible introduction to the study of discourse and identity across a variety of contexts.
Interdisciplinary in scope, the book is relevant to a wide range of courses such as English language and linguistics, psychology, media, cultural studies, gender studies and sociology. Each chapter includes a critical overview of work in the area, original case studies, practical instruction for analyses, points for further discussion and suggested reading. Theorising Discourse and Identity 2. Conversational Identities 3.
Discourse and Identity
Institutional Identities 4. Commodified Identities 6. Spatial Identities 7. Virtual Identities. A stimulating resource for those seeking to broaden their analytic appreciation. Discourse and Identity is a richly detailed and usefully opinionated guidebook to a growing area of scholarship.
Family Talk: Discourse and Identity in Four American Families - Oxford Scholarship
Engaging with a range of current theories and methods of discourse analysis, the book offers a critical overview of the ways in which researchers have approached the concept of identity. Again, interdiscursivity is integrated with another linguistic parameter, namely metaphor, because it is one means of achieving interdiscursivity. In essence, metaphor at the cognitive level conceptualizes one thing in terms of another, e. It should be noted that so-called mappings from the source to the target domain are only ever partial, the semantic features which are mapped being known as the ground of the metaphor.
For instance, coming-out is conceived as a journey by drawing on the semantic feature of goal-oriented movement from one place to another; however, other, more specific semantic features of the journey domain, such as lost luggage or late-running trains, remain unmapped.
- Discourse and Identity Formation.
- The Narrows (Harry Bosch, Book 10);
- Aspire Higher: Winning On and Off the Court with Determination, Discipline, and Decisions.
As a cognitive phenomenon, metaphor finds its surface level reflection as metaphoric expression in language and other semiotic modes. Together, the linguistic parameters of social actors, including evaluation, process types and modality, as well as interdiscursivity together with metaphor serve to represent social actors in particular ways and in certain discursive and social contexts.
In most texts, these devices will link to each other in an accumulative way, although they can on occasion also contradict each other, possibly indicating a hybrid, changing identity.
In addition to identifying relevant parameters for such an analysis, selecting the actual text s will be based on background knowledge, as gained from familiarity with related texts and ethnographic fieldwork, about the social and discursive formation the texts are embedded in.
Its choice was based on extensive reading of primary texts from the respective historical period, which made it possible to identify it as central in the way it incorporates typical features of lesbian discourse at a particular moment. To keep the analysis succinct, the text is reproduced in extracts.
To make sure that the extracts are representative, the whole text was analyzed for a set of parameters and extracts showing typical features were identified.
The analysis will then move onto discussing the conditions of text production, distribution and reception that authors of lesbian-themed texts operated under at the time the sample text was published. Finally, the main part of the analysis will address social actor representation and interdiscursivity in the text. The section will close with a summary that answers the research questions. In the highly politicized lesbian discourse of the s, separatism was seen by many as the logical extension of feminism.
Considering the patriarchal conditions women continue to be subjected to and the consequent suffering inflicted on them, it seemed logical to the advocates of separatism that all women would have to be lesbians and all lesbians separatists Lettice Women who maintained relations of any kind with men were seen by separatists as unable to dissociate themselves from a society structured in terms of heterosexuality and disproportionate male power. The final goal was to overthrow patriarchy and the way by which this goal would be reached was through a total withdrawal of female energy from men.
This counter-society was meant to entail a counter-discourse empowering the women who participated in it. While women in urban areas formed task-oriented collectives e. However, the hard physical work involved and lack of skills and experience of previously urban separatists meant that most separatist country communities lasted less than ten years Faderman For a certain period of time, however, separatism or at least a woman-centred life was the ideal for many women.
The extremism engendered by social control usually renders the community a target of criticism and ridicule to the outside world. Hostility and confrontation led to further withdrawal, the subsequent development of a quasi-religious notion of martyrdom on the links between separatism and Puritanism see Koller , and to an even stronger bonding within the community. The separatist movement found itself cornered and gradually began to turn its energy and aggression inside, i.
On another level, splits were effected by the debate over the question whether boy children should be allowed in separatist communities, a debate which hurt and estranged many women Shugar ; Stein Ironically, this debate inverts hegemonic discourse with its higher value placed on all things male and masculine. Such negative prioritizing of men in the form of anti-men feeling or even violent men-hating contradicts the separatist ideal of always putting women first. Separatism may have survived into the s and even beyond, but it has diminished to a marginal phenomenon.
Full-time separatism as a political strategy seems to have failed. The analysis of the sample text will show how features of s discourse are combined with devices more typically found in contemporaneous consumerist discourses. The fact that those later, hybrid texts on separatism were distributed through emerging electronic media points toward the changing practices of text production, distribution and reception in lesbian communities. Ever since the s, separatists had had few media outlets to disseminate their ideas, either because their ideas were perceived as too radical to find an audience or because separatists themselves preferred to keep a splendid isolation:.
A few feminist presses Shugar Consequently, publishing was of central importance within the separatist community. These discourses find their reflection in different forms of media and publishing, but also in hybrid texts that show a combination of radical political discourses with those of consumerism. Indeed, hybridity is a defining feature of the example chosen for this analysis, in which different discourses are used by one and the same author, who tries to adapt a political programme of the s to the socio-political context of the s.
Reproduced from the homepage of its author, the text is one of the very few separatist links that can be found on the internet.
While there is a vast number of lesbian links in general, it seems that separatists have not found their way into the medium. Such a stance shows either in absence from the medium altogether or in a suspicious and defensive attitude conveyed on the internet, a sort of criticism from within. It is obvious that free access to information, the cornerstone of the internet, is anathema to lesbian separatism since restriction of access is seen as a way of deriving the dominant culture of the energy it thrives on.
Since most texts on separatism are published in non-digital form pamphlets, articles, anthologies , the present sample text represents a rare exception at the time of its writing. Such hybridity indicates the changing identities that a younger generation of lesbians brought about in the s. The second person pronoun is used 27 times throughout the text. Since no mention is made of a text receiver, the focus is solely on the process of writing, thus confirming that writing can be a form of political practice and as such is particularly salient for separatists.
Together, rhetorical questions, imperatives and anticipation help include the reader and make her identify with the text. The reader is envisaged as female, and women as a group are indeed the second most prominent actor, being referred to eleven times throughout the extract. By drawing together the reader, her friends and women in general, the author juxtaposes the personal and the political, indicating that individual suffering is a consequence of structural violence.
This list embodies the covert prestige of oppression that can be observed as a value in separatist discourse in general. It seems that the author does not, perhaps cannot, describe a lesbian community in detail, be it in positive or negative terms, and that dominant patriarchal culture is still the point of reference.